While mammography remains the gold standard for detecting breast cancer, research has shown it is not equally effective in all women. In the 40percent of with dense breast tissue, mammography can miss up to one third of breast cancers. This may lead to a delay in diagnosis and a worse prognosis for women with dense breast tissue. Mammography has been shown to miss 30percent of cancer in dense breasts. Using screening ultrasound for women with dense breasts is helping address this challenge. However, the limitations of traditional hand-held ultrasound (HHUS), which include operator dependency, variability and long acquisition times, make it inefficient for broad-scale breast cancer screening. With the introduction of ABUS (automated breast ultrasound), clinicians are able to address these variables and shorten both exam and read times, while increasing sensitivity with a multi-modality approach.
New findings from a Swedish study show a 57percent relative increase in breast cancer detection in women with dense breast tissue when ABUS was used together with mammography.
The system is found to have significantly improved cancer detection in women with dense breast tissue when used together with mammography.
The European Asymptomatic Screening Study (EASY) aimed to evaluate the impact of ABUS in conjunction with full field digital screening mammography (FFDSM) in 1,668 women aged 40-74 with dense breasts. The study showed a 57 percent relative increase in breast cancer detection in dense breast tissue, compared with mammography alone.
"If ABUS would be a part of national screening programmes in dense breasts, more cancers could be detected at an earlier stage. Many countries are working to try to optimize screening so that each woman can get examinations according to her assessed risk," said Dr Brigitte Wilczek, lead researcher on the EASY study.
Dense breast tissue is linked with an increase in the risk of developing cancer. It also makes detecting cancer more difficult. This is because both masses and breast tissue appear white in the mammogram, which makes the search for masses like a search for a snowball in a snowstorm. By contrast, masses appear dark against white tissue with ultrasound technology.
Dense breasts are particularly common in younger women and seems to reduce with age, as on average 74percent of women in their 40s, 57percent of women in their 50s, 44percent of women in their 60s and 36percent of women in their 70s have dense breast tissue.
In the study, published in the European Journal of Radiology, FFDSM was first used in the examination followed by a 3D ABUS exam which took 15 minutes to complete per patient. The inclusion criteria for the women in the study was that they be 40 years or older, asymptomatic, and have heterogeneously dense parenchyma or extremely dense breast on assessment by the radiographer in the screening.
"The study shows that it is feasible to implement 3D ABUS into a high volume mammography center and increase the cancer detection rate while maintaining an acceptable low recall rate," said Dr Wilczek.
The recall rate for ABUS and FFDSM combined was only +0.9percent compared to FFDSM alone. This is an acceptable low recall rate well within the recommendations of the European guidelines for quality assurance in breast cancer screening.